A beautiful smile shows most of the 8-10 upper teeth with almost no gum above the front two teeth. Certain pathologic/physiologic conditions result in too much exposure of the gum above the upper front teeth. Some of these factors are
- Inadequate gum recession or altered passive eruption: As the teeth grow out of the gums, the gums recede upwards most of the time. In some cases, the gums remain and cover part of the bite, making the teeth look short.
- Mouth breathing dries out the gum tissue, leaving it susceptible to disease and over growth.
- Medications such as Dilantin and Cyclosporine can lead to gum overgrowth.
- High lip lines revealing too much gum line
- Attrition, where teeth have been severely worn down by teeth grinding
Large gums or short teeth can give your mouth an unbalanced, “gummy” look. Our gum dentists can remove excess gum tissue to give your mouth a new look. Some of the ways they will accomplish this is by performing a:
- Gingivectomy/Gingivoplasty where the gum tissue is surgically excised. The patient may need to wear a periodontal dressing to protect the teeth and gums while they heal.
- Flap surgery for short or worn down teeth, or irregular bone contours where some of the underlying bone is removed.
- Crown lengthening where the gums are shifted into a position, which reveals more teeth and less gum. This may also be known as a gum lift or gum re-contouring, and may involve cutting out excessive gum tissue around the teeth to achieve the necessary results.
- Laser gum surgery, where gum tissue is removed as in a gingivectomy, but with the use of a laser.
For a complete evaluation on how to improve your gummy smile, call or email us today and schedule an appointment with our gum dentists, Dr. Kwan or Dr. Hsu. They will present you with all of the options for the beautiful smile you have always wanted.